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Moringaceae Martinov, nom. cons.
the moringa family
Moringa is the Latinized form of murunga, the Sinhalese vernacular name of the sole genus in this family. These are trees or shrubs, with alternate imparipinnate leaves, the leaflets opposite, with entire margins. The inflorescences are axillary, paniculate, with anything up to 5 orders of branching. The flowers have 5 sepals, distinct; 5 petals, with a banner-like petal borne abaxially, distinct, 5 stamens, opposite the petals, alternating with staminodes. The ovary has 3 carpels and one locule, and the single style is hollow, with a gaping stigmatic aperture. The fruits are capsular, valvate, laxly dehiscent, and fibrous. There are 10 – 35 brown seeds. The bark exudes a straw or pinkish coloured gum.
Moringa oleifera - Drumstick Tree
Photograph © Donald Simpson 2014
Page last updated 26th March 2018